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You can get infected from sexual contact with someone who has HIV. Sexual contact that can transmit HIV includes:. If you have sex, the best thing you can do to prevent HIV infection is practice "safer sex" with any partner who is not proven to be HIV negative on recent testing. It is also important to avoid "rough sex" or other activities that might cause bleeding.
If you use lube with a condom, make sure it is water-based, not oil-based. Oil-based lube causes latex condoms to break. If you have unprotected sex with someone who is infected, it doesn't mean that you will be infected, too.
But there is always a chance, especially if your partner is not on effective HIV medicines. Using condoms and PrEP reduces your risk. For more information, see Sex and Sexuality in the Daily Living section. You can become infected if you have contact with the blood of someone who has HIV. Blood-borne infection with HIV can occur through:.
If you inject drugs, the best thing to do is to use new or sterilized injection equipment every time. Learn more about PrEP. Infection can pass from pregnant women living with HIV to their babies in the womb and during birth.
Taking HIV medications during pregnancy and childbirth dramatically lowers the risk of a baby becoming infected with HIV. After birth, transmission can occur through breast milk. The highest risk may be in the early months after birth. It is recommended that new mothers who are living with HIV formula-feed their babies rather than breast-feed.
If you are a woman living with HIV and you intend to become pregnant, or you find out that you have during your pregnancy, talk to your provider immediately about ways to minimize the chances that your baby will become infected, too. Search this website Submit. Veterans Crisis Line: Press 1.
Complete Directory. If you are in crisis or having thoughts of suicide, visit VeteransCrisisLine. How is HIV spread?
See entire lesson Share this. Contents What is HIV? What is AIDS? What are the symptoms? What is an HIV test? Should you get tested? How is HIV treated? Are there long-term effects? Is HIV always fatal?How does aids get transmitted
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HIV: Sexual Transmission, Risk Factors, & Prevention