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A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 7.
Originally published by Victoria County History, London, This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved. The ancient parish of Bradford included the greater part of Bradford hundred. In the acreage of the parish was 11, Holt is situated on the Oxford Clay region of north and mid-west Wiltshire.
There is a strip of Fullers Earth running through the parish of Limpley Stoke. The other six tithings were until modern times more sparsely inhabited. At meetings of the hundred and manor courts and for other purposes Holt, Atworth, and Wraxall were usually treated as separate units and the smaller tithings often after c. Thus in Leigh and Woolley were represented at the court leet by a single tithingman fn.
On 19 December the tithing of Atworth was detached from the parish of Bradford to form with Great and Little Chalfield Domestic bradford on avon girl new civil parish of Atworth. It included Cumberwell, Bradford Leigh, and part of Trowle. The Urban District of Bradford-on-Avon is still roughly circular, its only large irregularity being in the south-east. On the north bank of the river the ground rises sharply to a height of almost ft.
On the side of Domestic bradford on avon girl hill are most of the older buildings of the town, including the Saxon church. There has been modern building along all these ro, and especially along the Bath and Trowbridge ro. The Kennet and Avon Canal enters the Urban District on the west immediately south of the river, with which it runs parallel as far as Barton Barn.
The canal then turns south for a short distance before continuing its eastward course. The railway runs close to the river throughout its course through the parish, and links Bradford with Melksham and Devizes to the east, Trowbridge and Westbury to the south, and Bath to the north-west. South of the river the land is open, but there is woodland in the north of the parish on both sides of the Bath road, and also in the north-east, at Woolley. The gas-works is situated south of the river between the Frome and Trowbridge ro.
There are three electric generator sub-stations. The largest is south of the Greenland Rubber Mills. The others are on the north of the town, one near the junction of Winsley Road and Huntingdon Street, the other close to Berryfield recreation ground, opposite the junction of Huntingdon Street and Ashley Road. The waterworks of the Urban District Council are just outside the parish boundaries on the west.
The sewageworks are south of the canal, opposite Belcombe Court, in the west of the parish. This house, which was built early in the 18th century, was occupied in by a Mr. Phelps, a clothier, and was in that year besieged by a mob of machine rioters.
Bethell, father of Richard Bethell, 1st Baron Westbury, who was born in the house which was later to bear his name. Later occupiers of the house were George Spencer in and Charles S. Adye in It is built of ashlar and has three stories and a basement. On the east front there is a stone doorcase with entablature and pediment on semi-Tuscan pilasters.
The east front opens upon a large grass forecourt with paths, public seats, and a war memorial. The Town Hall, at the junction of Market Street and Church Street, is a solid building in Elizabethan style with a central clock tower. It was erected in by a company formed for the purpose and formerly housed the Council offices, police station, and fire brigade. The main building is of ashlar; it has three stories and a stone doorcase with Tuscan three-quarter columns on plinths.
The annex was probably the residence of Thomas Horton d. Lord Fitzmaurice took his title from it when in he became the rst Baron Fitzmaurice of Leigh. It is an earlyth-century building of ashlar. In it was the residence of A. Woolley Grange, now a nursing home, is a mediumsized manor house dating from the 17th century. It is irregularly gabled, with tall square ashlar chimney stacks set diagonally in groups of two and three.
The building was the residence of Captain Palairet who restored it about and diverted the road from Bradford to Woolley Green, which had ly passed beside the house. The Liberal club, St. Margaret's Street, was built about It has a square-headed central doorway with flanking pilasters. The Conservative club, in the same street, is a building roughly contemporary and similar in style.
The Swan Hotel, a well-proportioned and pleasant building, bears the datebut there are no external s of so early an origin. The present frontage is 18th century.
The 'Mason's Arms' in Newtown dates from the late 17th or early 18th century. The New Bear public house, Silver Street, is an earlyth-century building. The Old Bear Hotel formerly, Inn in that street, rebuilt in the 19th century see belowonce formed part of Hall's Manor. Before Michaelmaswhen the lease fell in, it had been leased to William Grant.
Two remarkably fine large buildings are still privately occupied. The Hall is described below under Hall's Manor of Bradford. Belcombe Court lies to the north of the railway line in the west of the parish. For centuries it was the residence of the Yerbury family, a branch of which settled at Bradford about At the same time Wood altered the older facades to bring them into harmony with the new wing.
The house was still in the possession of the Yerbury family in Leland, who visited Bradford aboutdescribed the town as 'made all of stone' and as standing 'on the hither i. There was a 'little street' over Bradford Bridge at the end of which, was 'an hospital of the King of England's foundation'. The visitor commented on the Hall, the chapel of St. Mary Tory see below—Churchesthe parish church, and vicarage, and Horton's house. Outside this area, in addition to the buildings already mentioned, was the Saxon church probably then used as a school; the Church House and the Chantry House see below—Churches.
At the western corner of the triangle was the large house which in the 19th century became known as the Priory. It was built in the 15th Domestic bradford on avon girl and was the residence of the Rogers family. In it was bought by the Tugwell family and from them it was bought in by John Saunders. Edward Pusey to the Tractarian, used to go there on holiday, and some of his works, for example, the Commentary on the Minor Prophetswere printed in the house—'a printer and his son, with many young female compositors doing the work'.
Their occupation was brief, for in the Priory was said to have been 'for many years' the residence of Thomas Bush Saunders, J. Portions of original window tracery and some crocketted pinnacles are dotted about the grounds in which the house formerly stood. In these grounds, however, still stands a building that was probably in existence in the time of Leland: a barn built in the 15 th or early 16th century.
This is oblong in plan, of rubble with stone tiled roof. It is likely that the owners of the neighbouring house used it for the storage of garden produce from 'The Grove' see below. Presumably it was intended for parish business and so used, but by c.
It then measured 73 by 23 ft. Between and it housed the Free school see below—Schools. A part of the building is now used as a Masonic Temple.
The building is roughly T -shaped, and is constructed of rubble with ashlar quoins. The roofs are stone-tiled. The long portion is of two stories, the transverse portion of one. The ground-floor room in the long portion has oak-timbered ceilings with rough-hewn beams and close rafters.
The room above has an original open stone fireplace and moulded beams which divide the ceiling into panels. In the room in the transverse portion is an original oak gallery. Two Tuscan columns which came from the Town club are preserved see above, Domestic bradford on avon girl. The only other houses in the inner triangle of the town that can have been there in Leland's time are three buildings, now used as shops, in the Shambles. Portions of the Southern Electricity Service premises date from the 15 th century.
Sumner's stationery and tobacco shop is similar in style and date. These three buildings are the only ones in Bradford with timber frames. While there is no definite evidence it is probable that little building took place in the town during the late 16th and early 17th centuries. From the time of the Restoration, however, there must have been rapid expansion, to meet the needs of the reviving woollen industry.
North of the river there are many 17th century houses still in existence. In the original triangle Nos. They have two stories and stone-mullioned casement windows. In Coppice Hill Nos. Some of these houses have been partly spoilt by later alterations but they are an attractive group in similar style to the contemporary Market Street houses. Outside the triangle, but as a natural extension to it, there was some 17th-century building in Whitehill: Nos. In Church Street, beside the Saxon church, there is a rank of cottages with stone-tiled roofs of varying heights and with square ashlar stacks at the apex of each gable.
Next to them, and also built in the 17th century, is Orpin's House, named after Edward Orpin d. It is a solid, square building which has the peculiarity of two small square window openings, glazed with bottle-glass, between the centre window and side windows on the first floor. The purpose of these unusually small windows was probably to avoid window tax. South of the river, extension was taking place in and around St. Margaret's Street. The Old Baptist Church see below—Nonconformity was built at the end of the 17th century. Margaret's, in St. Margaret's Street, No.
Margaret's Hill, and No. Margaret's Place are all basically 17th century houses.Domestic bradford on avon girl
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Bradford on Avon